KNOW YOUR RIGHTS
OUR FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
Father and Chief Architect of Indian Constitution Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was an Indian Jurist, economist, politician and social reformer, who campaigned against social discrimination towards the untouchables (Dalits). He was independent India’s first Minister of Law and Justice.
Baba Sahib Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed as Minister of Law and Justice and on 29th August 1947, he was appointed as Chairman of the Drafting Committee of Indian Constitution.
The Constitution given by him contains solutions for ending all kinds of discriminations. Infact, its spirit can even heal the racial and other inequities in today’s American society. We need to educate people more about this great gift by Dr Ambedkar for the entire humanity.’
The same Indian Constitution gives us many fundamental rights which are much needed to be known by common man. Some of our basic fundamental rights are as follow :
Article 14 to 18 is defined equality of our country’s citizens and race, caste, sex, religion, place of birth. Our Indian Constitution is liberal. And each and everything persons has equal right to speech, work, live & any other and equality of opportunity in matters of employment under the state. The right is available to citizens only. In Indian Constitution Un-touchability is abolished and it’s practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of disabilities arising out of Un-touchability Shall be an offences punishable in accordance with law.
Article 14 says that the State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.
Article 15 says that the state shall not any discriminate against any citizen on ground only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. Article 16 guarantee equality of opportunity in matters of employment under the state. The right is available to citizens only.
In matters of employment also, it is impossible to treat all persons alike. Equality only means equal treatment to equals. A reasonable classification is not prohibited by Article 16.
Article 17 deals with a peculiar problem of our country. Howsoever praiseworthy the caste system in its origin might have been, it certainly proved to be a disgrace to humanity, a threat to unity and a serious hindrance to social, educational and economic progress of our country.
Article 18 Abolition of titles No title, not being a military or academic distinction, shall be conferred by the State No citizen of India shall accept any title from any foreign State No person who is not a citizen of India shall, while he holds any office of profit or trust under the State, accept without the consent of the President any title from any foreign State No person holding any office of profit or trust under the State shall, without the consent of the President, accept any present, emolument, or office of any kind from or under any foreign State Right to Freedom.